A legal proceeding in which a debtor’s money, in the possession of another (called the garnishee), is applied to the debts of the debtor, such as when an employer garnishes a debtor’s wages.
Refers to courts that have no limit on the types of criminal and civil cases they may hear.
A reduction in sentenced time in prison as a reward for good behavior. It usually is one-third to one-half off the maximum sentence.
A body of persons sworn to inquire into crime and, if appropriate, bring accusations (indictments) against the suspected criminals.
The person who sets up a trust.
A private residence designed or converted to serve as a non-secure home for unrelated persons, such as juveniles.
A person appointed by will or by law to assume responsibility for incompetent adults or minor children. If a parent dies, this will usually be the other parent. If both die, it probably will be a close relative.
Legal right given to a person to be responsible for the food, housing, health care, and other necessities of a person deemed incapable of providing these necessities for himself or herself. A guardian also may be given responsibility for the person's financial affairs, and thus, perform additionally as a conservator. See also conservatorship.